Cbd oil for livestock

Livestock CBD pellet product draws FDA safety, regulation warning

Fifteen companies, including one selling an animal feed, face warnings from the US Food and Drug Administration for the illegal sale of products containing cannabidiol.

The warnings​​ from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) highlighted the safety concerns from sales of a range of products – like feed pellets – that contained cannabidiol. The agency released the warning letters last week.

The cannabidiol (CBD) containing products were found to be in violation of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act), the agency said.

“These particular companies are using product webpages, online stores and social media to market CBD products in interstate commerce in ways that violate the FD&C Act, including marketing CBD products to treat diseases or for other therapeutic uses for humans and/or animals,” ​the FDA said. “Other violations include marketing CBD products as dietary supplements and adding CBD to human and animal foods.”

The warning letters were sent as part of an effort to clarify the agency’s regulatory approach regarding products that contain cannabis and cannabis-derived ingredients like CBD, said Amy Abernethy, FDA principal deputy commissioner.

Most CBD products have not been approved by the FDA.

“Based on the lack of scientific information supporting the safety of CBD in food, the FDA is also indicating today that it cannot conclude that CBD is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) among qualified experts for its use in human or animal food,”​ it added.

Companies have 15 working days to tell the FDA the steps they are taking to respond to the violations and how they intend to prevent it from being repeated. If steps to address the comments in the letters are not taken, the firms in question may face legal action.

Benefits of Using CBD for Pets – Exploring CBD for Animals at Harmony Farm Sanctuary

Over the past few months of quarantine and stay-home orders, we’ve grown closer to those nearest to us, including the pet companions we share our lives with. To celebrate Pet Wellness Month in October, we paid a visit to Harmony Farm Sanctuary to share the many advantages of CBD for pets with them.

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With more than 100 animal residents including goats, donkeys, horses, and even an alpaca, the animal sanctuary is a unique place. However, it was a sheep named Lee that inspired us to see how CBD could potentially help farm animals. As he is growing older, Lee suffers from joint pain that is limiting his mobility. Harmony Farm owner, Robine Bots, and her team of volunteers wondered if CBD could help.

Large animals and CBD

Animals that have a spinal column also have an endocannabinoid system similar to the one we have in our bodies. There are receptors throughout the body that are specifically designed to bind with cannabinoids. Since every animal’s body is different, it is crucial to take the time to fully assess what would work best for them. CBD tinctures can be added to your pet’s water, food, or taken under the tongue. As CBD oil offers many benefits, it is important that you do your own research to find out how you can help improve the quality of life of your furry friend.

Turning a CBD farming byproduct into livestock feed

What happens if you feed cannabis to sheep? It’s a question that livestock scientists are actually wondering about at Oregon State University. They’re trying to develop a new animal feed market for industrial hemp. OPB science reporter Jes Burns recently joined JPR’s Liam Moriarty to explain what they’re up to.

Liam Moriarty: Hi, Jes, welcome back . So explain to me; exactly what are these scientists doing?

Jes Burns: Well, these researchers at Oregon State are taking a hemp by-product — they call it “spent hemp biomass” — and seeing if it’s appropriate to use as an animal feed. This byproduct is left over after the hemp is processed to make CBD oil. You got to kind of think of it like the grain mash left over after brewing beer or liquor, except his is just a bunch of leaves and stems of the hemp plant. One of the researchers involved, Serkan Ate s, told me what these hemp processors are facing.

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Ates: Currently, all the hemp processed — spent hemp biomass — nobody know what to do with that material.

JB: So, if you could sell it as an animal feed, you could actually generate some money off of something that would have been just waste.

LM: That’s interesting. So, how do scientists know if this stuff is good for the animals to eat?

JB: They’ve conducted feeding trials with sheep and dairy cows so far. And what they do in these trials is they substitute this spent hemp for alfalfa in their feed, in different quantities and for different amounts of times. And while they’re doing this, they track how much the animals eat, how much they weigh, you know, how much weight they’re gaining and a whole bunch of other health metrics. And then they also test whether any cannabinoids, like THC, are detectable in the animal’s systems during and after they eat the hemp, supplemented feed.

LM: Okay, and what have they found?

JB: Well, nutritionally hemp is as good or better than alfalfa. The preliminary data for sheep is that initially, they don’t like it. Like, the sheep just don’t eat as much when you add hemp and they think it possibly could be because of the smell or the flavor. But then, after about four weeks, those sheep seem to really get a taste for it and they actually end up eating more feed every day and putting on a little more weight. The cows ate less of the hemp feed, but then they produce more milk, but also that milk had a lower energy content. So it’s kind of mixed early results on the dairy side of things. But Ates told me that the hemp doesn’t have to be better than alfalfa. It just has to perform similarly in order for it to be a suitable substitute, right? And at least for the sheep, it appears that it would be a good option.

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LM: Why is there so much focus on finding new markets for hemp right now?

JB: Well, we saw what happened firsthand right in southern Oregon in 2018. The United States fully legalized hemp production. And then there was this huge rush to cash in in Oregon. That first year, more than 60,000 a cres were licensed with the state. And a lot of those acres were in the Rogue Valley and in Jackson and Josephine Counties But then, the market was flooded with product almost immediately. This year, the total number of acres licensed with the state, by comparison, is 7,000 acres. So over 60,000 to 7,000 acres. So, that’s a huge drop. The thought is, opening up an animal feed market could help bring some stability to the industry.

LM: So, when does this hemp animal feed go on the market? When are farmers going to be able to start using this stuff?

JB: Yeah, not any time real soon. We’re still a long way and the main issue is that it is technically illegal to feed it to animals intended for human consumption. The rub is the cannabinoids that I talked about earlier? The Food and Drug Administration is concerned that the THC will pass from the animals into humans and the FDA hasn’t established with the acceptable limits for THC consumption. So, the researchers did detect cannabinoids in the lambs and in the milks. So, until the FDA provides the guidance or hemp breeders, can figure out how to fully breed out THC out of hemp plants, the market for hemp animal feed, at least in the United States, is going to remain closed.