Is cbd oil for dogs legal in ohio

Is CBD Oil Legal in Ohio? – May 2022

CBD’s legality status in the United States depends on the product’s cannabinoid concentration and plant source.

The 2018 US Farm Bill legalized the cultivation of industrial hemp containing 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC ) or less.

At a federal level, CBD products created from low- THC industrial hemp are legal . The Farm Bill also removed hemp-derived products with 0.3% THC from the definition of marijuana under the Controlled Substances Act (5) .

According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), hemp-derived products exceeding 0.3% THC or products created from marijuana extracts remain a Schedule I controlled substance (6) .

The US Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) regulates CBD products in the country by imposing restrictions on how they may be sold.

CBD companies are banned from marketing their products as a medicine or a dietary supplement . Thus, CBD brands may not make any claims regarding treating or preventing diseases or health issues (7) .

Manufacturers are also prohibited from adding CBD into food and beverage products.

Some of these regulations may vary depending on state laws . Some states aligned their policies according to the 2018 US Farm Bill , while others enacted stricter laws to protect consumers from illegal CBD products .

Ohio CBD Laws

The federal government ’s legalization of hemp and hemp products made the state of Ohio revisit their policies and regulations.

To align with federal law , Ohio lawmakers proposed an amendment by enacting Senate Bill 57 (8) . The bill decriminalized hemp and promulgated the issuance of hemp cultivation licenses.

Signed and approved by Governor Mike Dewine on July 30, 2019, the new law stipulated that Ohio’s hemp program shall be regulated by the Ohio Department of Agriculture.

The bill stated that any department or person without a hemp cultivation license may possess, buy, or sell hemp products .

The bill also legalized the development of hemp products in different forms, such as food, cosmetics, and dietary supplements (9) .

The state government has not imposed any possession limits for hemp-derived CBD products containing 0.3% THC.

Marijuana-derived CBD products or products exceeding 0.3% THC are considered Schedule I substances. Unless registered with the state’s medical marijuana program, individuals in possession of cannabis products may be apprehended by a law enforcement agency.

According to House Bill 523, Ohio state medical marijuana cardholders may possess up to a 90-day supply of marijuana-derived CBD products or cannabis products (10) .

Dispensaries licensed by the Ohio Board of Pharmacy may only sell marijuana-derived CBD oil to individuals with medical marijuana cards. A patient is also required to have a written recommendation from a certified doctor to purchase medical marijuana (11) .

Medical marijuana cards can be obtained only by individuals diagnosed with qualifying conditions.

Since commercial CBD products may not be used to treat or prevent health conditions, medical practitioners are prohibited from issuing prescriptions for non-FDA-approved CBD oil.

Cannabis Laws in Ohio

The state of Ohio has implemented House Bill 523 to revise laws involving marijuana cultivation, sale, and use. The bill established that individuals with qualifying medical conditions may apply to the state’s medical marijuana program (12) .

Qualifying conditions must be diagnosed by a state-certified Ohio physician. The physician shall be responsible for creating the applicant’s profile in the patient and caregiver registry.

Individuals with medical marijuana cards may purchase only from licensed dispensaries and possess up to a 90-day supply of marijuana or cannabis products (13) .

The Ohio Board of Pharmacy regulates and licenses medical marijuana dispensaries in Ohio.

Visit www.medicalmarijuana.ohio.gov to learn more about Ohio’s medical marijuana laws, list of licensed dispensaries, and qualifying medical conditions.

CBD Licensing Requirements

Growers are required to apply for a hemp farming license every three years. This regulation does not apply to research organizations or universities that grow and process hemp for scientific studies (14) .

Hemp processing in Ohio also requires a license. Aspiring hemp growers and manufacturers are required to pay for the initial application fee and license fee (15) .

The Ohio Department of Agriculture is responsible for regulating hemp farming and hemp processing licenses.

According to Senate Bill 57, any individual convicted of a felony involving controlled substances within the last ten years is not eligible for a hemp growing or processing license (16) .

Testing Requirements

Ohio law requires growers and manufacturers to test hemp or hemp products using post-decarboxylation or other reliable methods. The tests are conducted to determine component or product compliance according to regulations (17) .

The tests involve measuring the delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration levels of hemp plants and hemp-derived products.

The law also requires hemp growers to comply with annual inspections of hemp crop samples. The Ohio Department of Agriculture is allowed to order the disposal of plants or products containing THC exceeding 0.3% (18) .

Buying CBD Legally

Although hemp-derived CBD oil has been legalized in Ohio, consumers must beware when they purchase such products.

The certificate of analysis (COA) is a third-party laboratory report that indicates cannabinoid concentration. The lab results also determine if the product is free from contaminants, including pesticides, heavy metals, and other harmful substances.

Consumers must refer to the COA to determine the amount of THC in the products. Any product without an updated COA is not recommended for purchase.

The COA also verifies if the CBD company has truthful labeling practices.

The FDA warned several CBD companies for falsely advertising product concentrations. The administration noted that some CBD products do not contain the CBD amount indicated on the label (19) .

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How to Choose Which CBD Products to Buy

CBD products are regulated by the FDA and state governments. However, regulations do not guarantee that all CBD brands and products are consistent in quality.

Evaluating the CBD product before purchasing may help in one’s decision-making process.

Consumers may consider factors, such as third-party accreditations. For example, the Better Business Bureau (BBB) provides a rating system for all processed or imported products.

Researching the CBD company’s BBB rating may provide valuable information regarding ethical business practices, product quality, and customer service (20) .

BBB ratings also determine companies’ trust levels among customers who previously purchased their products.

Where to Buy the Best CBD Products Legally

Ohio residents may legally buy CBD oil, tinctures, gummies, vapes, and topicals in the state. CBD products may be found in health food stores, licensed dispensaries, and smoke shops.

Consumers may also buy from online retailers or buy directly from a brand’s official website.

Consumers may also refer to the Better Business Bureau to find an accredited CBD shop in their area.

  • Midwest Wellness – 5425 Bethel Sawmill Ctr, Columbus, OH 43235-7204
  • M/I Wellness – 10255 Sawmill Pkwy, Powell, OH 43065-9189
  • CBD 4 Real – 1026 N Holland Sylvania Rd, Toledo, OH 43615-4514
  • Tulip Tree CBD – Cincinnati, OH 45236-3222

Reading Product Labels

Before buying CBD products , consumers must thoroughly evaluate the information on the label.

  • CBD oil type
  • Manufacturer name
  • CBD concentration
  • Serving size or quantity
  • Batch code or ID code
  • Date of manufacturing and expiry
  • Barcode, quick response (QR) code, or website URL for the COA

Checking on the CBD oil type is essential when purchasing the right CBD oil product. Individuals who prefer consuming all the cannabinoids present in hemp plants may opt for full-spectrum CBD oil .

Meanwhile, consumers who do not want THC may opt for broad-spectrum CBD oil .

Product concentration matters when it comes to the consumer’s experience with CBD.

Individuals taking CBD for the first time must opt for products with a low CBD concentration. Once the body gets used to CBD, one may increase dosing or purchase a more potent variant.

Individuals must practice caution even when the CBD company provides a third-party lab result. Companies must continuously update lab reports for each batch of products.

When checking the certificate of analysis, the report must contain the product name, batch number, extraction type, and lab testing date.

A label that includes a batch code helps verify if the COA pertains to the specific product.

Some companies have made their lab results accessible by printing barcodes, QR codes, or website URL on their product labels.

What Is CBD Oil?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a compound predominantly found in Cannabis sativa.

CBD is a non-psychoactive compound studied for its potential therapeutic benefits, such as reducing inflammation, pain, and anxiety (22) .

Cannabis is a flowering plant known to contain several cannabinoids , including THC , cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), and cannabinol (CBN).

The plant also contains various terpenes, flavonoids, and minerals.

The compounds in hemp plants are extracted using various methods, such as cold pressing, solvent extraction, or CO 2 extraction.

To create CBD tinctures, manufacturers suspend the compounds in carrier oils, such as olive oil, hemp oil, or medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) oil, a byproduct of coconut or palm oil.

The compounds may also be infused into topical products, gummies, and vape oils.

Some commercial CBD oil products, such as full-spectrum CBD oil , are developed to contain all the compounds found in hemp plants, providing the consumer with the “entourage effect.”

The term entourage effect suggests that one cannabis compound may not match the therapeutic potential of all the phytochemicals in cannabis when used together (23) .

Does CBD Oil Have Health Benefits?

A study posted by The Permanente Journal has shown that CBD may alleviate anxiety and insomnia (24) .

Meanwhile, a 2019 review from Molecules indicated that consuming CBD may have anticonvulsant effects, which may alleviate e pilepsy symptoms (25) .

The FDA has approved an anti-epilepsy drug called Epidiolex, which contains CBD as an active ingredient. Epidiolex has been shown to alleviate convulsions caused by child epilepsy conditions (26) .

Furthermore, Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management published a review discussing how CBD’s anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties may be applied to chronic pain management (27) .

Commercial CBD oil products are not approved by the FDA. More comprehensive studies are needed to verify CBD’s efficacy in managing health conditions.

Conclusion

Hemp-derived CBD oil with 0.3% THC is legal in Ohio. However, individuals must beware as not all CBD products are compliant with state regulations.

Purchasing hemp-derived CBD products do not require a prescription or permission from the state.

Meanwhile, CBD products derived from marijuana or contain more than the legal amount of THC are limited to individuals registered with the medical marijuana program.

The state of Ohio has implemented laws to protect citizens from illegal and unsafe CBD products. Still, consumers must be cautious when buying CBD products from retail and online stores.

When looking for good quality products that contain hemp derivatives , individuals must always check the certificate of analysis (COA). The COA may help verify the product’s legality and if it is safe for human and animal consumption.

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Consuming CBD may cause side effects, such as diarrhea, dry mouth, sleepiness, and changes in appetite and weight (28) . Individuals planning to take CBD must first consult with a licensed physician for advice.

Where to Buy CBD in Ohio in 2022

Ohio has relatively relaxed cannabis laws compared to its neighboring states.

With that said, recreational marijuana remains illegal here. You need to be a registered medical patient to have access to marijuana.

However, other cannabinoids, including CBD, delta 8 THC, delta 10 THC, HHC, and more are entirely legal within the state as long as they’re made from hemp.

Generally, the best place to buy cannabinoids such as CBD in Ohio is from online vendors.

1. All Hemp-Derived Cannabinoids Legal | Marijuana Medical Use Only

Table of Contents

Where To Buy CBD Oil In Ohio:

    — Best CBD Oil Overall— Best CBD Gummies— Best CBD Isolate Oil— Best CBD Flower— Best CBD Oil For Dogs

Is CBD Legal in Ohio in 2022?

Yes, CBD is legal in Ohio — but only if it’s derived from the hemp plant.

CBD can be derived from both flowering marijuana and industrial hemp plants.

If you’re an Ohio medical marijuana patient, you can purchase your CBD through one of the 26 licensed dispensaries.

If you’re not a medical marijuana patient, you can still purchase CBD over the counter at vape stores, head shops, and natural health outlets. However, it must be derived from an industrial hemp plant.

CBD vs. THC: What’s The Difference?

CBD made using a flowering marijuana plant will contain higher levels of THC, which means that it will get you stoned. To purchase this type of CBD, you’ll need a medical marijuana card as it can only be bought from a state-licensed dispensary.

Industrial hemp CBD doesn’t contain enough THC (typically less than 0.3%) to get the user high. As a result of the 2014 Federal Farm Bill, this CBD is legal to purchase across the United States.

The Farm Bill removed industrial hemp from the list of controlled substances. Previously, industrial hemp was treated similarly to LSD, heroin, ecstasy, and magic mushrooms in the eyes of the Federal Government.

When industrial hemp was removed from the list, it made it possible for farmers to produce it for commercial and research purposes; this means that industrial hemp CBD found online and in-store is legal!

How to Find Quality CBD in Ohio

If you’re looking for the best deals on high-quality CBD, you should take a look online. There are hundreds of online suppliers with different products, including tinctures, creams, lotions, wax, vape juice, balms, and treats for your pets!

As we mentioned before, the CBD industry is brand new and growing quickly. New companies are popping up all over the place, and many of them are producing low-quality CBD products.

The Journal of Regulatory Science has found that many products sold over the counter contain almost no CBD — or even worse, harmful chemicals such as pesticides.

How to Protect Yourself from Low-Quality CBD Suppliers

1. Check For Third-Party Testing

This is the most critical step you can take to protect yourself. Third-party labs can make sure that your products are free from any harmful chemicals and contain the right amount of CBD.

2. Opt For Full-Spectrum Hemp Extracts

Full-spectrum means that all of the compounds are left in the oil after the extraction process. Isolates only contain CBD, meaning you’re missing out on valuable cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. These compounds add to CBD’s benefits and have certain benefits of their own.

3. Double-Check The THC Content

For the time being, only industrial hemp CBD products are available to those without a medical marijuana license. However, if your CBD contains more than 0.3% THC, it’ll be treated the same as marijuana and could lead to fines and jail time.

4. Avoid Companies That Claim CBD Can Cure Everything

CBD is a great way to boost your overall health, but it won’t cure your condition overnight. If a company is claiming that CBD can work miracles, it’s likely trying to take advantage of uninformed customers.

If you follow those steps, you’ll be on the right track to finding high-quality CBD products.

Where to Buy CBD in Ohio

Shopping online is the best way to get CBD in Ohio.

You’ll save yourself time and money by placing your order online. The products found in-store are almost more expensive than those found in-store. This is mainly due to the cost of running a physical storefront, and their prices reflect that.

If you shop online, you’ll save yourself time without the need to go from store to store comparing products and prices. You can quickly compare products with just a few clicks if you place your order with a trusted online supplier.

Is Marijuana Legal in Ohio in 2022?

Recreational marijuana is still illegal in Ohio, although it has been decriminalized. Medical marijuana has also been legalized under certain circumstances.

Ohio is one of the better places to be in the midwest if you use marijuana.

If the police catch you in possession of 100 grams (approximately 3.5 ounces) or less, it’s a misdemeanor. It won’t show up on your criminal record, and you’ll need to pay a fine of about $150.

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Between 100 grams and 200 grams, you can receive a jail sentence of 30 days and a fine of $250.

Overall, these penalties are quite light, especially when compared with many of the other states in the midwest.

Medical Marijuana Laws in Ohio

On September 8, 2016, Ohio passed House Bill 523, which made medical marijuana legal.

Although the laws don’t allow patients to smoke marijuana, they are permitted to use tinctures, vape oil, edibles, plant material, and patches.

Currently, 21 medical conditions are approved for medical marijuana use in Ohio.

Eligible Medical Marijuana Conditions in Ohio:
How Do I Get a Medical Marijuana Card in Ohio?

Beyond having an eligible medical condition, there are a few more basic requirements to apply for a medical marijuana card in Ohio.

  • You must be an Ohio resident. You’ll need to prove your residency with a valid Ohio identification.
  • You must be 18 years of age or older.
  • You’ll need your medical records from your doctor that prove you have one of the eligible medical conditions.
  • You’ll need to register with the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Program.

The recommending physician must have a Certificate to Recommend (CTR) medical marijuana. If your doctor doesn’t have one, you can find a list of doctors here.

Once your doctor has submitted your patient registration, you’ll receive an email to complete the application. There is a $50 application fee for patients.

What Are the Benefits of Having an Ohio Medical Marijuana Card?

Once you have a medical marijuana card, legal protections are granted to you that you wouldn’t have otherwise.

A medical marijuana card makes it legal for you to have a 90-day supply of marijuana products.

A 90-day supply can mean different things, depending on the type of material.

According to the Ohio government, a 90-Day Supply is No More Than:
  • Eight ounces (two hundred twenty-six and eight-tenths grams) of medical marijuana.
  • Twenty-six and fifty-five-hundredths grams of THC content in patches, lotions, creams, and ointments for topical administration.
  • Nine and nine-tenths grams of THC content in oil, tincture, capsule, or edible form.
  • Fifty-three and one-tenths grams of THC content in medical marijuana oil for vaporization.

Currently, you’re not allowed to grow your marijuana at home.

The Ohio Department of Pharmacy is authorized to give out up to 60 dispensary licenses across the state.

As of August 21st, there are 26 dispensaries operating in Ohio.

Recreational Marijuana Laws in Ohio

As of right now, recreational marijuana is still illegal in Ohio.

The penalties are significantly lighter than in many places across the United States. However, it’s still a good idea to stay on the right side of the law.

There is a movement to get recreational marijuana on the 2019 voter ballot. The Ohio Marijuana Legalization Initiative requires a minimum of 305,591 signatures from at least 44 of Ohio’s 88 counties.

It’s a massive undertaking, but it shows that there is some support for legal marijuana in Ohio.

Is Delta 8 THC Legal in Ohio in 2022?

This is great news if you need medical marijuana but don’t qualify. Delta 8 is an effective replacement in many circumstances. Some people even prefer it because of its milder impact.

Even though it’s federally legal, delta 8 is banned in some states, so be careful if you have to travel.

If you only use marijuana recreationally, you’re in luck, too. Delta 8 still makes you high; it’s just more mellow.

How to Buy Delta 8 THC

If the shop sells CBD or tobacco products, it’ll likely have delta 8. Be careful, though, since these products can be dangerous.

Before buying anything, look for third-party tests so you can verify what’s in it.

If you quality (who doesn’t), look online. Not only can you shop from your couch, but you’ll find everything you need: good deals, test results, and variety.

If you’re not sure where to look, check out one of these top three vendors:

Don’t get stuck with whatever the local shop offers — not when you have access to everything delta 8.

Recommended CBD Retailers in Ohio

If you would prefer to head into a local store and take a look at the products in person, we have included a list of stores in Ohio that should be able to help you with your CBD needs!

Columbus

Cleveland

Cincinnati

All of these stores should have helpful staff who can answer your questions regarding CBD. If you’re a medical marijuana user, take a look at your local dispensary for the best local CBD options.

NOTE: The Ohio Government has been cracking down on CBD sold over the counter. It has seized CBD found in-store from many local shops. Therefore, for the moment, you’re better off placing your order online.

Final Notes on Buying CBD & Delta 8 THC in Ohio

Overall, Ohio is an excellent place to be if you need marijuana. The penalties are relatively light for possession, and the state has a reliable medical marijuana program implemented.

You also have access to delta 8 THC, an excellent alternative for those that don’t like the intensity of marijuana.

Even though you can find these products locally, your best bet for buying delta 8 and CBD in Ohio is to place your order online with a reliable store.