Copaiba vs. CBD: What’s the Difference?
Using natural plant products in traditional health has been a practice for centuries. Mother Nature has provided some of the most diverse, complex compounds still used today to promote wellness and address a variety of concerns. When presented with so many essential oil options, you might pose the common question: What’s the difference? How do you compare Lemon and Lime? Lavender and Clary Sage? Cassia and Cinnamon Bark? Or, in this case, CBD and Copaiba?
The Endocannabinoid System
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a hot term in complementary and alternative medicine, and for good reason. It plays a fundamental role in managing many modern and prevalent concerns, including mood, inflammation, appetite, and relaxation. This biological system, composed of receptors, cannabinoids, and enzymes, is found throughout the central and peripheral nervous system and acts as a regulator for countless physiological processes. What that means is the ECS helps maintain internal balance in a world that is constantly changing.
CB1 and CB2 Receptors
Within the ECS, there are two primary receptors, cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2). The brain and spinal cord contain CB1 receptors, whereas CB2 receptors are predominately found in our immune system. Due to residing in different parts of the body, activation of these receptors can have very different effects. For instance CB2 activation supports healthy nervous and immune system function, while activating its counterpart (CB1) receptors can modulate mood, memory, or even perception of pain. While binding to the CB1 receptors positively influences many brain functions, research has shown that it may also have some unwanted psychoactive effects 1 .
There are three groups of molecules that can greatly affect the function of the ECS: endocannabinoids (produced by the body), phytocannabinoids (produced by plants), and synthetic cannabinoids (produced in a lab). Phytocannabinoids are different because they are produced naturally by plants, such as Cannabis, Black Truffle, and Cacao, and found within essential oils such as Copaiba, Black Pepper, and Melissa.
Literature suggests that these ECS-influencing substances tend to be selective in the receptors they activate 2 . This means they tend to activate either the CB1 or CB2 receptors, and they do so directly or indirectly depending on their chemical makeup. Furthermore, the stronger or more directly the molecule adheres to its receptor, the quicker it will produce a physiological effect. This is precisely why Copaiba is such a valued essential oil, it is high in a phytocannabinoid called beta-caryophyllene (BCP). Beta-caryophyllene has the ability to bind directly to CB2 receptors to affect the ECS.
The Advantages of Copaiba
At the 2019 Together Convention, doTERRA’s Director of Education and Training, Scott Johnson, said, “Copaiba and CBD work within the same biological system, so people naturally want to compare them, but it’s not really a fair comparison[…]Copaiba has benefits that can’t be achieved with CBD.”
Because BCP directly binds to CB2 receptors, it produces rapid and powerful changes within the body. On the other hand, CBD doesn’t effectively bind to either receptor so it indirectly affects the ECS. In fact, despite having the unique ability to bind (indirectly) to both CB1 and CB2, CBD’s interaction is not nearly as intense as that offered by other compounds.
Exemplifying doTERRA’s commitment to Pursue What’s Pure, Copaiba is a product born from that standard. Unlike CBD, essential oils rich in BCP, such as Copaiba, are easily tolerated compounds that offer countless benefits to the human body. At this year’s convention, Scott highlighted other possible targets and pathways for BCP outside the ECS such as the CD14 receptor, the μ-Opioid receptor, and the α7-nACHRs receptor.* These receptors affect pathways associated with healthy inflammatory response 3 , overall body comfort, and cognitive function.
The Limitations of CBD
Because CBD does not bind directly to receptors, you can expect slower cellular responses. Scott Johnson said it best at convention describing CBD as a “helper molecule that signals the ECS to work more efficiently and modulate our responses to the molecules that do directly bind to our receptors.” Furthermore, as doTERRA’s in-house GCMS testing has shown, CBD—which is an isolate extracted from the cannabis plant—is often mixed with carrier oils, so absorption is limited and the effect is further decreased. In fact, a recent review of clinical data on CBD revealed internal usage may come with potential unwanted risks 4 .
In addition, according to a study published in 2017, 69% of CBD products were mislabeled and found to have higher levels of THC than are currently permitted by regulations 5 . This poses regulatory challenges and also increased risk for unwanted side effects. Not only can formulations of CBD contain some amount of THC 6 , but as previously mentioned, CBD is not an essential oil, it’s an isolate extracted from the cannabis plant. For doTERRA, the fact that it is nearly impossible for CBD to meet CPTG Certified Pure Tested Grade™ standards for purity and potency is reason enough to keep it out of the product line.
With its fast and direct bonding to CB2, beta-caryophyllene is a powerful constituent with potential to support well-being in a variety of ways. Try taking Copaiba orally to support a healthy inflammatory response 7 , apply topically to help reduce blemishes, or use aromatically to create a calm and relaxing environment.* As Scott Johnson says, “When used daily, Copaiba helps you live a longer and healthier life with greater periods of homeostasis.”
* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
The CBD Oil Craze
Seems like someone has literally turned on the switch to a mass CBD oil craze across the globe this year. Now that medical cannabis has been legalized in more than 50% of the world, shops are rising up everywhere and people are seeking out CBD for everything from pain relief to treating cancer.
This is a big deal for our family because many of YOU have been asking us all about CBD lately, and how to use it the right way. Alot are also asking us about Copaiba essential oil as it’s not as well known as Cannabis oil.
Also, because Copaiba Essentail Oil’s main chemical component is beta-caryophyllene, a chemical related to cannabinoids found in cannabis, many of our athlete members are confusing the two and 1) assume that their health properties are interchangeable, or 2) are concerned that the potential psychotropic effects of Cannabis are true for Copaiba.
Just so you know, neither of these assumptions are true. Cannabis oil and Copaiba oil are as different as potatoes and tomatoes, but they do share similar properties like for example pain relief.
Where does Copaiba essential oil come from?
Copaiba (pronounced Co-pie-EE-ba) essential oil is not well known in many parts of the world, but recent research reveals it to be one of the most promising new anti-cancer essential oils. Copaiba is derived from the sap or resin of a South American tree genus known as Copaifera officinalis. Copaiba has a subtle aroma, reminiscent of cinnamon and honey, tinged with a hint of wood similar to a very diluted cedar.
Copaiba resin has been used in South America for centuries to treat conditions ranging from sore throats, tonsil infections, bronchitis, pain relief, wound healing, and was even used to treat gonorrhea (also spelled gonorrhoea, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae).
Exciting Research into the Healing Properties of Copaiba Essential Oil
There is exciting new research being done with Copaiba essential oil. Most of the studies done thus far attest to its anti-inflammatory benefits. However scientists are also finding other uses and benefits:
Natural Pain Reliever
Wound and Scar Healing
3 types of Cannabinoids:
CBD: CBD, or CannaBiDiol, is a naturally occurring component of the cannabis and hemp plants. CBD made from hemp has a low concentration around 2-4%. If derived from cannabis/marijuana CBD has a higher concentration around 5-30%. Some CBD extractions contain some THC (the part of the plant that makes you feel high) though some are low enough to be legal in Malta and other countries. Benefits include pain relief, reduces anxiety, effective against cancer, treats seizures and other neurological issues, prevention of diabetes through lower insulin levels and promotes cardiovascular health. This is the power of cannabinoids!
THC: THC, or TetraHydroCannabinol, is also a naturally occurring compound in the cannabis plant. This is the party of the plant that makes people feel high when they smoke marijuana or use products that contain THC. THC resembles another cannabinoid naturally produced in our brains, anandamide, which regulates our mood, sleep, memory, and appetite. (More info) Hence the reason THC makes you relaxed … and hungry.
BCP: BCP, or Beta-CaryoPhyllene, is the dietary cannabinoid found in doTERRA’s Copaiba oil. Not only is it in Copaiba essential oil its in doTERRA’s in very high amounts – 60%. While this is a different type of cannabinoid than CBD it directly affects the same CB2 receptors in amazing ways and is present in a much higher amount. It’s also found in lower levels in other essential oils, in lower amounts, like Black Pepper and Melissa.
What are cannabinoid receptors?
We all have cannabinoid receptors in our bodies and they are super important. They are found all over the body, in the brain, organs, tissues, glands and immune cells. In each tissue, the cannabinoid system performs different tasks, but the goal is always the same: homeostasis. We have two different types of receptors – CB1 and CB2.
CB1, predominantly present in the nervous system, connective tissues, gonads, glands, and organs; and CB2, predominantly found in the immune system and its associated structures. Many tissues contain both CB1 and CB2 receptors, each linked to a different action. (Source here)
The CB1 receptors are the ones that THC interacts with and causes psychotropic effects.
The CB2 receptors are the ones that do not make you “high” when affected. These are the target when using CBD oil and Copaiba essential oil. CBD actually indirectly interacts with CB2 receptors while the main constituent of Copaiba interacts directly. CB2 receptors are found mostly in the immune system, and they seem to reduce inflammation and certain kinds of pain.
So to summarize CBD vs Copaiba oil …..
THC comes from the cannabis or hemp plants. It is completely illegal in about most countries in the world and legal for at least medical purposes in the other half.
CBD oil from hemp contains only trace amounts of THC. It does not make you high but it does help with neurological issues, pain and more by indirectly interacting with CB2 receptors in the body.
BCP, caryophyllene, is a cannabinoid found in very high levels in doTERRA’s Copaiba and it interacts directly with CB2 receptors. When taken internally, the BCP in Copaiba possesses strong antioxidant properties, promotes healthy cellular function, may help support immune function while supporting overall circulatory health, and may help support the health of the gastrointestinal tract and colon. Additional research has shown that Copaiba essential oil (with all its constituents) may help keep the mouth, teeth, and gums clean and healthy looking. Topically applied Copaiba oil may also help keep the skin clean and clear while helping to reduce the appearance of blemishes. Another interesting experimental research study found that Copaiba taken internally may help to support uterine health and ease menstruation.
CBD vs Copaiba oil.
Copaiba is ..
Much less expensive than CBD
100% drug free with zero risk of containing THC and 100% legal
Not from the cannabis plant so using Copaiba has 0% chance of affecting a drug test
doTERRA does more testing than any other company in the world. So you know it is free of pesticides, heavy metals and contaminants.
How to use Copaiba internally, aromatically and topically
Drop 1-2 drops under the tongue in the morning and evening. Hold under your tongue 20 seconds then follow with water
Add 1 to 2 drops to water, juice, or tea daily or as needed
Add 1-2 drops to an empty veggie capsule. You can also add a carrier oil like coconut, olive or avocado oil to the capsule (optional – makes it gentler on your stomach).
Take internally to help soothe and calm the nervous system.
Combine with Frankincense for daily use for optimal health
Use three to four drops in the diffuser of choice.
Aromatic use supports the immune system, is calming and promotes a restful night’s sleep.
Copaiba combines well with: Lavender, Serenity blend, Frankincense, Lemon, Wild Orange, Fir oils, Cedarwood (hello sleep!) and many others. Don’t be afraid to experiment!
Add 20 drops of Copaiba to a 10ml roller bottle and top off with Fractionated coconut oil. This is for adults – use more, if needed, for pain. It feels better in minutes! I recommend doTRRA’s fractionated coconut oil as a carrier for topical use and roller bottles. It is non-greasy and doesn’t stain.
Apply topically combined with a carrier oil or a facial moisturizer to help keep skin clean and clear, and to help reduce the appearance of blemishes.