Temperature for making cbd oil

How do you make cannabis oil?

Cannabis oils, also known as canna oils, have continued to grow in mass popularity due to their widespread use. From being used in cooking and baking, to their inclusion in lotions and creams, oils have remained a very strong form of THC and CBD for home use.

Canna oils and cannabis butters use the fatty contents of the oils to help release and maintain THC and CBD when things get hot.

Making Oils

There are a variety of ways to make canna oils at home, and the availability of bud or concentrates will determine which route you should take. You should also determine if you will only be using your oil for hot cooking, such as baking cannabis cookies or making edibles with wax, or if you will want the option for cold temperature uses such as mixing into your favorite drink or cool dessert.

When making your own oils, you have the ability to control how strong you want your mix to be. In many cases this means adding a specific weight of bud per cup of oil, while in advanced methods this means adding exactly how much THC and CBD you want.

THC or THCA

Before choosing, you should first understand the differences between THCA and THC. Cannabis plants create THCA. which by themselves have no effect on the human body. When your bud is heated from lighting up or cooking, temperatures above 220 degrees Fahrenheit remove carboxylic acids (A) leaving you with THC.

It’s important when buying a product to know if you are purchasing THC or THCA, and when growing your own bud you should understand the decarboxylation process.

Decarboxylation is heating your bud up to release those acids, and can be done in a standard oven. First crumple up some parchment paper and lay it out flat across an oven sheet, these crumples will help hold your buds up away from the hot metal sheet. Break your flowers into smaller pieces and lay them across the paper.

Preheat your oven to 240 and place your buds inside for 45 minutes, and then remove and allow to cool. At this point you should have turned your THCA into THC, which can now be used for hot or cold applications, such as mixed in your favorite drink or even thrown into a jello shot.

If there is a possibility of using your oils in a cold environment (as in not heated to 220 during use) be sure to purchase products with THC and not THCA, or be sure to bake your bud first.

Skip the Hard Work

Oil Soaking Method

A common choice for making canna oils due to its simplicity is the oil soaking method . The idea is to take an oil you already use, often referred to as a carrier oil, and completely soak your bud in it to allow the release into the oils.

You must use some sort of fat-based oil, since most active cannabis ingredients are hydrophobic, or refuse to mix or bond with water. If you were to attempt to make oils with water, they would just separate over time.

In most cases, this is done with coconut oil or olive oil due to the health benefits and versatility in the oil, added with a high smoking point. Smoking points refer to the temperature at which a liquid begins to evaporate.

What You’ll Need

Break your flower down into smaller pieces, and decarb if needed to bring out your THC. The best method is to weigh out your weed (most people end up usually using between 7 to 10 grams). Be sure to write down your measurements somewhere in case you fall in love with your outcome so you can cook it again.

Next, using a double-boiler or crock pot, turn your heat on low and add your carrier oil. If you don’t have either, you can make a double-boiler by using a saucepan with water, with a glass or metal bowl elevated above the water level. You want your temperatures between 120 and 180 degrees Fahrenheit. It’s good to consistently check your oil temp with your probe thermometer to ensure you don’t overheat your mix.

Once your oil temperature is stable, add your weed to the mix and allow it to cook between 20 minutes to one hour. You can let it cook longer if you’d like — this will release more tannins and flavors into your oil as the buds break down.

Now line the strainer with your unbleached cheesecloth and place it inside your glass bowl. Gently pour your oils through, allowing your buds and other contaminants to be collected as they filter through the cheesecloth. Leave to cool until you can safely handle the cheesecloth, and if you’d like, give it a bit of a squeeze over your glass bowl to get some of that leftover oil.

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It’s time for storage, and you have many choices. Large mouth jars such as mason jars have remained a great option, as they are easy to use and look great on your countertop. If you’re feeling fancy, consider saving an old oil bottle to make your homebrew feel high class. Be sure to wash and scrub the old bottle in hot soapy water, removing the old label as well. Rinse it thoroughly and let dry.

Using the funnel, gently pour your canna oil into the bottle. To take things one step forward, consider the option of printing your own label to impress any guest. You can either print them on computer paper and add a layer of tape to hold it to the bottle, or check out shipping labels, as they have been a go-to for home beer and wine makers to create cost-effective custom labels.

With this method, you don’t have super precise control over your THC and CBD levels, but you do have control over how much bud you add per cup of oil. Most recipes call for between 7 to 10 grams of weed per cup of oil, but you know how dank your weed is. Make your oil to your liking, but if used for cooking, keep in mind how much oil you usually use per dish. When used for balms, tinctures, and other oil-based products, adjust for strength.

This method of extraction will also transfer some flavor, so you will have your chosen oil flavor and your bud flavor in the mix. You will also end up with a mix of THC and CBD that is found in your plant.

Distillate Additives

While oil soaking has been the go-to for the at-home creations, when considering making products for sale, the FDA is less fond of not knowing exactly how much THC or CBD is in your product. When considering creating products for sale, it’s time to look at a refined source of weed known as distillates.

Distillates are a flavorless, odorless oil which has been carefully refined to give you a 100% THC or 100% CBD outcome, or a mix of the two at very high percentages. These are often used in production as you can measure precisely what your levels are.

If you were to take the same cup of oil, and add one tablespoon of pure THC, you would know you have an oil with roughly 6% THC and no CBD.

With distillates having no smell or flavor, they have continued to be a great choice for vape oils , tinctures, spiked sodas, and other various edibles . With the high-concentration levels of distillates, try slowly increasing how much you use until you are happy with the strength.

Uses For Canna Oil

Since canna oils are weed or weed extracts mixed into existing oils, the options become nearly endless for use.

Cooking oils have remained a go-to for cooking, adding to salads, and baking. These oils find their way into homemade edibles and drinks as well. These oils have often been referred to as edible oils, since they can be added to anything you eat or drink, even alcohol. Canna butters are the solid form of cooking oils, and another great option for cooking and baking.

Vape oils have continued to grow in popularity, since many people want to avoid lighting up and blowing smoke. Vapes can often fit in your pocket, making them a great smoke for on the go. Be sure to keep in mind how often you hit your vape, as some smokers prefer to smoke all day, while others want a good buzz from just one or two hits.

Lotions, body oils , and balms are a great use of oils, as they can be applied to the skin. They can be used for skin irritations, or even for tissue and muscle relief as they absorb into the body right where it’s needed. In many cases, you can use olive oils and other cooking oils to make these lotions and balms, since they benefit the skin as well.

Tinctures , an oil droplet added under the tongue, have become a popular option for both CBD and THC since they don’t need to be taken with sweets, foods, or anything else that you may not necessarily want at the time. They are also less likely to cause mouth or throat irritations if you’re not one for smoking.

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Summary

With the wide range of use and ease of making oils at home, they are a great addition to the pot life. From meals to quick hits on the go, oils have been a good way to add flavors and smells to your weed to add a new approach to your high.

With so many health and wellness benefits, oils open up weed to a new set of users that may not enjoy lighting up. With the added option of not leaving your house, and having everything you need delivered to your door , there’s no better time than now to try different forms of cannabis.

How to Make Cannabis Oil at Home

Making your own cannabis oil at home is easy if you know a few tricks. Learn how to make canna oil in your kitchen with our complete recipe and step-by-step guide.

DIY Cannabis Oil: The Basics

Homemade cannabis oil offers a variety of health and wellness benefits. You may choose to mix the canna oil into another edible or beverage recipe, apply the canna oil topically, or place a few drops under your tongue like a cannabis tincture .

Canna oil has recreational uses as well as medicinal purposes. Here are a few therapeutic uses for cannabis oil:

These possible health benefits also depend on whether you use hemp or marijuana in your oil.

Hemp vs. Marijuana: Which Should You Use?

Hemp or CBD oil is a good choice if you live in a state where cannabis is illegal. CBD hemp oil may also be the right option if you want to avoid “getting high” from tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Using marijuana with a full spectrum of cannabinoids may offer more potent therapeutic benefits through the entourage effect .

Dosing

Dosing is one of the most challenging issues with cannabis edibles , including canna oil. Too much THC can give you an unpleasant and lingering high. For this reason, it’s a good idea to consult with a physician who can provide you with proper dosing instructions for your body chemistry and level of cannabis experience.

Best Carrier Oil for Cannabis Oil

Many cannabis users report that coconut oil makes the best carrier oil for cannabis oil. Coconut oil contains beneficial fatty acids that go well in both edibles and topicals. However, alternatives to coconut oil also work well, such as vegetable oil or lecithin.

Using Lecithin

Lecithin is a type of fat that allows for ingredients to stick and bind together. Adding lecithin to your recipes and/or into your oil can help the canna oil bind together with other ingredients more readily and improve shelf life. Lecithin has the added benefit of increasing the bioavailability of cannabinoids. Sunflower lecithin is best for a range of diets. Eggs are also a source of lecithin and act as a binding ingredient in baking.

Why It’s Important to Decarboxylate Cannabis

Decarboxylating or “decarbing” cannabis refers to a chemical reaction where a carbon atom is removed from a carbon chain, resulting in the release of carbon dioxide (CO2). Key cannabinoids, like THC and CBD, convert from different original forms during the decarbing process.

For example, THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) is non-psychoactive in its raw form but becomes psychoactive as THC after decarboxylation. Likewise, CBDA (cannabidiolic acid) is the acid precursor to CBD and may provide its own health benefits .

To change THCA to THC and CBDA to CBD, the raw cannabis flower must be decarboxylated first. Decarboxylating also makes certain cannabinoids, such as CBD, more bioavailable (i.e., your body can process them more easily).

Cannabis Oil Recipe

The following recipe includes everything you need to make cannabis oil at home.

What You’ll Need

  • Rimmed baking tray
  • Baking paper
  • Crockpot, double boiler, or saucepan
  • Cheesecloth or strainer
  • Cooking twine to tie the cheesecloth

Ingredients

  • 3.5 grams of flower
  • 1/2 cup of cooking oil (coconut oil or olive oil)

Steps

Step 1

Break up any cannabis flower or “buds” you have into smaller pieces.

Step 2

Layer the pieces onto a rimmed baking tray lined with baking paper/parchment. Place the baking tray into the center of a preheated oven set to 240°F-248°F (115°C-120°C) for 30-40 minutes. Stir every 10 minutes.

Step 3

Allow the cannabis to cool to room temperature. It should appear darker in color – usually, light brown or yellow, and not as green as fresh cannabis.

Step 4

Once cooled, coarsely grind the cannabis and store it in an airtight container.

Step 5

Combine the cannabis and coconut oil using one of the following methods:

  • In a slow cooker or crockpot on low for about 4-6 hours, stirring occasionally.
  • In a double boiler on low for 6-8 hours, stirring occasionally – a simple heat-proof bowl over a saucepan of boiling water will suffice.
  • On the stove in a saucepan on low heat for 3 hours, stirring regularly. This method is the fastest but most susceptible to scorching. You can add a small amount of water to the oil to prevent scorching.
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Note that the temperature of the oil should never exceed 245°F (118°C).

Step 6

Strain your canna-oil through a cheesecloth or strainer to get rid of the plant material.

Get Your Delicious Canna Oil Recipe

Alternative Method for Making Canna-Oil

You can also infuse raw cannabis directly in olive or coconut oil by first getting the cannabis-oil mixture to a temperature of between 212°F (100°C) and 230°F (110°C) to decarboxylate it. Then, simmer and double boil it for around 1- 2 hours at a temperature of between 158°F (70°C) and 199°F (93°C).

Double boiling ensures that the oil does not go above 212°F (100°C) after the initial decarboxylation, and means you can decarb the cannabis at a lower temperature over a few hours. However, we recommend decarboxylating the cannabis first rather than decarbing in the oil, which is more efficient.

If you’re double boiling decarbed cannabis, a temperature between 100°F and 120°F (38°C – 49°C) in a double boiler for between 1 and 5 hours is ideal. Use a cheesecloth to hold the raw or decarbed cannabis as you double boil it to avoid straining the oil afterward. Although raw cannabis can be added directly to oil, it is still best to decarb the cannabis first to maximize the shelf life of your oil. You can also use the leftover plant matter to make edibles.

Tips and Tricks for Making Homemade Canna-Oil

Follow these tips and tricks to make the best homemade canna-oil.

Always Cook at Low Temperatures

To retain any acidic cannabinoids, cook at lower temperatures or use the infused oil without cooking it. Once the oil has been infused, you can heat it to a maximum of 350°F (approx 176°C) to keep all the cannabinoids from burning off. We recommend cooking at below 284°F (140°C) or even 248 (120°C).

Extend Shelf-Life with Proper Storage

Cannabinoids do not last forever, and over time and exposure to light, air, and heat, your cannabis-infused oil will decrease potency. Acidic cannabinoids, in particular, are very unstable and do not last very long when exposed to the air.

Any impurities in the cannabis-infused oil will also affect how long a cannabis-infused oil will last. Therefore, properly straining any plant material from the oil is essential to prevent mold and bacteria growth.

Kept in a cool, dark place, cannabis-infused oil should retain its potency for about 1-1.5 years. Room temperature is appropriate if your indoor environment stays below 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

Infuse Oil to Retain Terpenes

Much of the flavor and effect of cannabis come from its terpenes and flavonoids . Infusing decarboxylated cannabis into oil will impart the flavor of the cannabis into the oil. While the terpenes and flavonoids may be pleasant when smelled (and even smoked or vaporized), the taste of cannabis when eaten is not usually as pleasant. Many people try to overcome the taste with sugar, hence the huge variety of medicated sweet treats like pot brownies .

Strain to Help Get Rid of Unpleasant Tastes

Straining away the plant material from the oil will reduce the unpleasant taste but not eliminate it. Matching the flavor profile of the cannabis-infused oil to the dish is possible but not easy considering the number of terpenes and terpenoids at play. Other ingredients can mask the flavor, as can infusing the oil with other herbs and spices.

Reach out to one of the qualified physicians at Leafwell to learn more about the health benefits of canna oil and other cannabis products. Our doctors are here to help you quickly apply for a medical marijuana card.

How Can I Legally Buy Cannabis to Make Canna Oil?

Stay informed about the current cannabis laws in your state to know if you can legally buy cannabis to make canna oil.

Is Canna Oil the Same as CBD Oil?

No. The difference between canna oil and CBD oil comes down to THC. Canna oil contains a significant amount of THC, while CBD oil contains only trace amounts of THC, i.e., not enough to have psychoactive effects.

How Long Does It Take to Make Cannabis Oil?

If using a double-boiler, the infusion process to make canna oil takes approximately 6 to 8 hours until you have a final product.