What CBD Stands For
With its increase in popularity, chances are you’ve heard about, or even seen, CBD products. But, what exactly is CBD, and what does it stand for?
CBD stands for cannabidiol. The cannabidiol pronunciation is (can·na·bid·i·ol). CBD is a natural compound found in hemp plants, and promotes wellness without the intoxicating and psychoactive effects. It’s referred to as a cannabinoid.
Cannabinoids are molecules in the cannabis plant that give it its recreational and medical properties. There are over 80 known cannabinoids today. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most well-known cannabinoid and is typically used for its “recreational” function because of its intoxicating or psychoactive effects. CBD, as mentioned, isn’t intoxicating, and is generally more associated with providing a general sense of calm, since it can help balance your body.
As more places throughout the U.S. legalize cannabis and its associated compounds, researchers are gaining more awareness of how they can be used beyond providing the recreational “high.”
How CBD Works
CBD provides many properties, including being an:
- Muscle relaxant
This information is based on the limited studies and research conducted as the range and exact mechanism of these effects aren’t fully developed as of yet.
The FDA approved the first CBD medication last year to treat epilepsy.
Other research suggests CBD could have a positive effect on opiate addicts.
According to ClinicalTrials.gov, there are around 150 in-progress trials testing CBD as a potential treatment for a large range of health conditions, including:
- Skin conditions
You have an endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is a system of neurotransmitters (lipid-based retrograde) that regulate various physiological responses in your body, including:
Based on current information, researchers found CBD interacts with your ECS’s receptors, and can influence them in various ways to help regulate the various properties listed above. It’s been particularly found to interact highly with pain pathways of your brain and spinal cord.
Innovative science has shown the ECS is disregulated in almost all pathological disorders. Therefore, it makes sense that regulating ECS activity might have therapeutic potential in just about any condition affecting humans, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) scientists suggestions in a 2014 publication.
By regulating the ECS and improving endocannabinoid tone, THC and CBD can slow down, or maybe even stop, the progression of disease.
Several academic research centers around the U.S. and elsewhere have been investigating CBD’s neuroprotective and anti-cancer properties. In fact, California scientists conducted a brain cancer study in 2010 showing CBD improves THC’s inhibitory effects on human glioblastoma cell survival and proliferation, meaning CBD makes THC much stronger as an anticancer compound. German researchers, also in 2010, reported CBD can stimulate neurogenesis (new brain cell growth) in adult mammals.
How Do You Use CBD?
You can take CBD orally, or apply it topically, depending on the product. There are many products available from soft gels and gummies that supposedly ease anxiety to calming creams, oils, and bath bombs.
For individuals who can’t get pharmaceutical CBD, there are a number of places that retail different hemp-derived CBD products, including:
- Online stores
- Health clubs
- Coffee shops
- Community markets
- Upscale boutiques
- Chiropractic offices
- Gas stations
Some even retail pure CBD isolates, which can be compared to the chemical make-up of Epidiolex.
You can ingest CBD — pure tinctures and oils you take sublingually. This is where you place the oil under the tongue, and swallow it after a minute or two.
You can inhale vape oils using a special vape e-pen.
You can use CBD topically. Beauty and skin products made from hemp are great for the skin because they’re all natural. Many athletes boast about CBD salves, stating they use them on their muscles and joints before and after they workout to help soothe pains and aches.
CBD oil has been called a preventative for the healthy, and a curative for the sick as well as an all-purpose palliative for individuals of all ages and pets.
The appearance of CBD has transformed public conversation about cannabis and the therapeutic landscape, including:
- Potent CBD oils
- Innovative, smokeless systems
- Non-intoxicating CBD-infused products
It’s not a question any more about whether or not cannabis lives up to the promise as an herbal medicine. Today, the main challenge is figuring out how to best use cannabis and CBD for maximum therapeutic benefit. And, many individuals are using CBD as a supplement to their current treatment plans given it’s low-risk profile.
However, not many doctors know a whole lot about CBD’s therapeutics, or what they do know is very little. Most lack the expertise to counsel patients adequately regarding modes of administration dosage, risk factors, and potential interactions with other drugs. This is where a holistic cannabis practitioner comes in who is specialized and fully-trained in cannabis and CBD medicine.
There are still a great deal of questions individuals have about CBD. Fortunately, there’s plenty of information available at your fingertips.
Sleep with a CBD-Infused Pillow
A great new method of receiving CBD is by sleeping with a CBD-infused pillow. They’re backed by a NO-THC and CBD potency certification. They deliver microdoses of CBD through your skin and hair, which then transports CBD’s therapeutic properties throughout the rest of your body, so you can experience all its wonderful benefits. Whether you’re looking to use CBD for sleep or CBD for pain, CBD pillows are a great way to find that relief.
What Does CBD Stand For?
CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is a naturally occurring cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant.
Cannabinoids are a class of chemical compounds that work in a similar way to neurotransmitters in the body. Cannabinoids don’t only exist in cannabis; they are also found in humans and other animals. All vertebrates produce cannabinoids, and those found in the human body are referred to as endocannabinoids.
With its recent rise in popularity, there has been a lot more interest surrounding CBD.
Endocannabinoids have a similar structure to the cannabinoids found in cannabis. This is how and why they can act within the system of the human body known as the endocannabinoid system (ECS).
We will explore this in more detail a little later. Understanding cannabidiol is the key to understanding how CBD products work and why the compound has captured the attention of so many scientists.
CBD: What Is It?
CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol. It’s one of the primary compounds found in the cannabis plant. After tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), an intoxicating compound, CBD is the second-most abundant cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. However, unlike THC, CBD is non-intoxicating – meaning it won’t make users feel high.
Cannabinoids are the molecules responsible for the cannabis plant’s medicinal and recreational properties. Today, there are over 100 known cannabinoids. THC is the best-known. It is most commonly used for its intoxicating properties.
On the other hand, CBD is associated with promoting an overall sense of calm. It may also help to bring the body back into balance.
More importantly, CBD could have numerous therapeutic benefits. These include anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, anti-anxiety, seizure-suppressant, and analgesic properties.
How Does CBD Work?
How CBD interacts with the body and brain is rather complicated. To date, scientists have found more than a dozen different ways that CBD affects us.
The benefits of CBD are likely due to the sum of its effects on several of the biological pathways, not just one in particular. However, a lot more research is required to fully understand how CBD helps with conditions such as seizures and anxiety.
CBD interacts directly with numerous components in the body and the central nervous system. A few of these are components of the endocannabinoid system (ECS).
While THC is an agonist of the CB1 receptors, CBD is an inverse agonist. This means it can block some of THC’s intoxicating effects that are enacted via that receptor.
In addition, our bodies consist of several other receptor proteins that work in the ECS, like GPR3, GPR6, TRPV1, and TRPV2. CBD binds to all of these, and many of its pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effects may occur through these pathways.
CBD also does some very important work outside of the ECS. For example, it mildly activates one of the brain’s predominant serotonin receptors, 5-HT1A. This could explain why CBD is reportedly useful in the treatment of anxiety and depression.
CBD Product Types
There is a wide array of CBD products available on the market. Many brands offer CBD via tincture extracts, vape oils, oil concentrates, topicals, and pure hemp oil. You also often have the choice of various CBD-infused foods, like gummies, candy, or chocolates.
Tinctures and pure oils are administered sublingually. This means that you place the oil under the tongue and wait between 1–2 minutes to swallow it. On the other hand, vape liquids are inhaled using a special vape e-pen.
Which are the leading brands? …
You can also apply CBD topically. Skin and beauty products infused with CBD are all-natural and thought to be very good for the skin. Many athletes like using CBD salves for joint and muscle pain either before or after workouts. It helps to soothe aches and pains from vigorous exercise.
CBD Derived from Hemp vs. Marijuana
When a person is thinking about using CBD for the first time, they should know where it is sourced. CBD sourced from cannabis is very different from cannabidiol sourced from hemp. If you are considering CBD for the first time, please consult your physician or a CBD knowledgeable physician for more information.
CBD originating from hemp contains little to no THC, and therefore won’t make users intoxicated. However, when sourced from cannabis, CBD is found together with THC. The THC could cause an intoxicating effect – depending on how much of it is present in the final product.
CBD originating from hemp contains little to no THC, and therefore won’t make users intoxicated.
Currently, cannabis is illegal unless you are in a state that allows it for medical or recreational use. Hemp CBD, on the other hand, is legal in the majority of states. That is, as long as it’s properly sourced following regulations in the 2018 Farm Bill.
If you want to know if the CBD is sourced from cannabis or hemp, you will need to check the product label or inquire with the company. All reputable and trustworthy CBD companies publish certificates of analysis (COA) or lab reports for their products.
Final Thoughts on What CBD Stands for
While it is the abbreviation for cannabidiol, CBD also stands for a revolution in our view of health and wellness. Large populations of people are beginning to realize and utilize CBD for its benefits to bring balance to the body.